Valles Caldera National Preserve

On the way to the hot springs in Jemez mountains there you pass through the Valle Grande Caldera which is an amazing sight.

“It’s a sunken volcano formed by the collapse of volcanic domes after two massive eruptions about 1.6 and 1.2 million years ago. The basin is some 3,000 ft (915 m) deep, measured from the surrounding rim, which encircles several lava-dome mountains. The landscape is mainly a mixture of grasslands and forested mountains, cut by numerous streams. Like other calderas, it has hot springs, gas vents, and other volcanic features. Wildlife include 17 threatened or endangered species such as the Mexican spotted owl, goshawk, Jemez Mountains salamander, and Rio Grande cutthroat trout. The preserve also is home to elk, mule deer, black bears, mountain lions, coyotes, bobcats, and other mammals, and golden and bald eagles and other birds.” …more

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